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Genoa is a city and an important seaport in northern Italy, the capital of the Province of Genoa and of the region Liguria. The city has a population of about 620,000 and the urban area has a population of about 890,000.

GenovaThe flag of Genoa is a St. George's Cross flag, a red cross on a white field, identical to the Flag of England, which also incorporates the St. George's Cross.

The main features of central Genoa include Piazza de Ferrari, around which are sited the Opera and the Palace of the Doges. There is also a house where Christopher Columbus is said to have been born.

Strada Nuova (now Via Garibaldi), in the old city, was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 2006. This district was designed in the mid-16th century to accommodate Mannerist palaces of the city's most eminent families, including Palazzo Rosso (now a museum), Palazzo Bianco, Palazzo Grimaldi and Palazzo Reale. The famous art college, Musei di Strada Nuova and the Palazzo del Principe are also located on this street.

Other landmarks of the city include the St. Lawrence Cathedral (Cattedrale di San Lorenzo), the Old Harbor (Porto Antico), transformed into a mall by the architect Renzo Piano, and the famous cemetery of Staglieno, renowned for its monuments and statues. The Museo d'Arte Orientale has one of the largest collections of Oriental art in Europe. The 19th century neo-gothic castle, Castello d'Albertis, once house of the explorer Enrico Alberto d'Albertis, now houses the Museum of World Cultures.

Genoa also has a large aquarium located in the above-mentioned old harbour. The Aquarium of Genoa is one of the largest in Europe.

The port of Genoa also contains an ancient lighthouse, called the Torre della Lanterna. It is the oldest working lighthouse in the world, one of the five tallest, and the tallest brick one, and it is Genoa's landmark.

Boccadasse is a picturesque neighbourhood in the east side of the city.

In 2006, 94.23% of the population was Italian. The largest immigrant group comes the Americas (mostly from Ecuador): 2.76%, other European nations (mostly Albania, and Romania): 1.37%, and North Africa: 0.62%.

Genoa Cricket and Football Club is the oldest football club founded in Italy. The football section of the club was founded in 1897 by James Richardson Spensley, an English doctor, and has won 9 championships and 1 Italy Cup. The other major football club in the city is U.C. Sampdoria, founded in 1946 from the merger of two existing clubs, Andrea Doria (founded in 1895) and Sampierdarenese (founded in 1911). Sampdoria has won one Italian championship, 4 Italy Cups and 1 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup in 1989/90.

Some interesting aspects of the city concern for example the University of Genoa: with 40,000 students (one of the largest universities in Italy) was founded in 1471. Its botanical garden, the Orto Botanico dell'Università di Genova, occupies one hectare in the city center.

The word jeans comes from Genoa, as a way to pronounce the name of the town.

The Genoese have primarily immigrated to South America; Uruguay, Chile, Argentina have strong Genoese communities. The special strong connection with Argentina is witnessed by the famous song Ma se ghe penso, and by the episode 'From the Apennines to the Andes' in the book Cuore (Heart) by Edmondo De Amicis; the supporters of the Boca Juniors football team, rooted in the neighbourhood of La Boca, in Buenos Aires, are known as los xeneizes (a nickname deriving from the word zeneize, which means "genoese" in their language). Farinata (Fainâ as they call it, a chickpea flatbread) and Torta Pasqualina (a salty artichokes, eggs, and cheese pie) are widely spread in those countries as local dishes, but they are typical recipes from Genoa.

A significant portion of Gibraltar's population is of Genoese origin, since the arrival of Genoese inhabitants in the XVI century. For that reason, a variant of Genoese dialect was still spoken in Gibraltar up to the end of the XVIII century.

The Yiddish word Yanova with which Ashkenazi Jews are most commonly calling the Diamante Citron, is a jargon from the city of Genoa which was the cultivation and shipping center for the citron or as they are calling it Etrog.

Florida International University in Miami, Florida in the United States has a regional campus in Genoa.



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